The United States research center, the RAND Corporation, a non-government organization, has developed a draft agreement for a potential peace agreement between the United States, the Taliban, and the Afghan government. The document has already been shared with several senior Afghan officials and politicians in Kabul, as well as stakeholders in the region.
The 49-page document titled “Agreement on a Comprehensive Settlement of the Conflict in Afghanistan” details proposals regarding a final peace agreement for Afghanistan at the end of the negotiation process.
Written in the script of a document, a core bargain involving both the internal and external parties includes a declaration of ceasefire, Taliban’s complete reunification of links with terrorist organizations, a complete, phased ending of the current U.S and NATO military mission over an 18-month transitional period. The document suggests that the Afghan parties may invite the international community to form a small, limited “Afghanistan Support Team” focused exclusively on counter-terrorism. Essayed in the document is also a new political arrangement within Afghanistan, including the adoption of a new constitution. The transitional government is to be led by a rotating chairperson and several vice chairpeople. “Parties commit to an immediate, mutual, and comprehensive ceasefire and cessation of hostiles, effective upon signature of this agreement,” reads the document. The archive suggests that the United States and NATO shall end their current military missions in Afghanistan, and withdraw all of their personnel in three phases, adding that U.S. civilian cooperation should continue to be stationed in Afghanistan. The document reveals that Afghanistan’s security institutions such as the Afghan Army, border police, and intelligence services will operate under national commands, while police would be localised in order to create space for “localized solutions.”
In response the the United States’ proposal, the Afghan government reports that only Afghans are authorized to discuss a peace deal with the Taliban and commit to a future political system. “Any decision regarding the peace process in Afghanistan is supposed to be the authority of the Afghan government and the Afghan people. The United States and regional countries are only facilitating the peace process,” declares Faraidoon Khozon, a spokesperson for Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah.
There are still many details that need to be fleshed out; thus, the future of a peace agreement with Afghanistan is in its initial stages of development.
By – Maggie DiSanza